This section concentrates on telecommunications basics, from
analogue voice to digital PDH networks and frame structures.
Discusses why networks have evolved from a plesiochronous
architecture to a synchronous architecture. Terminology used in
synchronisation and in SDH multiplexing is addressed at this stage.
This section concentrates on the lower level of the SDH multiplexing
hierarchy. The multiplexing structure and overhead for each stage is
covered in detail. Where applicable, practical scenarios are
discussed to give the delegates an insight into realistic
This section deals with the multiplexing and mapping of signals into
the higher level of the SDH payload. The path overhead associated
with this higher level payload is studied in detail, with practical
The addition of Regenerator Section OverHead (RSOH) and Multiplexer
Section OverHead (MSOH) is addressed within this section. Again,
practical implementation of the associated overhead is discussed.
The Physical transport mechanism for Asynchronous Transport Mode
(ATM) is SDH. This section gives a brief introduction to ATM
technology and concentrates on how ATM may be transported within SDH.
An overview of SDH network element management concentrating on alarm
generation within the SDH environment.
A brief outline of the Synchronous Optical NETwork used in North
America, providing a comparison of terminology and technology
between SDH and SONET.
This sections deals with physical line codes, transmission media,
fibre problems and fibre manufacture.
An outline of Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) - the
high speed optical network.